Breadcrumb trail

Recommendations by topic

Victims are informed

More Information for Victims

Recommendation on guidelines for victim statements: That parole board members provide victims more detailsed instructions on creating their statements and information on the statement review process
Guidelines for victim statements, OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Government Response

Remarks on amending the Corrections and Conditional Release Act: Eight recommendations to amend the CCRA to meet the needs of victims in relation to parole hearings, the provision of information and offender accountability to victims. 
Through the victims' lens: Submission to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-10, October 18, 2011.

Recommendations on privacy laws and victim referrals: That the RCMP Act outline obligations to victims of crime and that a new policy on victim referrals be established to permit proactive referrals.
Privacy Laws and Victim Referrals, OFOVC Annual Report, 2009-2010
Government Response

Missing Persons Index

Remarks on amending the DNA Identification Act: Support and considerations for the amendment proposed in this bill regarding the creation of national DNA indices of missing persons and unidentified human remains. Remarks to the Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security on Bill C-43, Division 17, DNA Identification Act. November 9, 2014

Recommendation on a missing person index: That the development of an MPI and an index of unidentified human remains remain a priority.
Missing persons index, OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Government Response

Recommendation on a missing person index: That the development of the MPI be given a high priority.
Missing Persons Index, OFOVC Annual Report 2009-2010.
Government Response

Notifying Victims of the Deportation Status of Federal Offenders

Recommendation on notifying victims about the deportation of offenders: That victims be informed of an offender’s deportation status once the offender has been transferred to the custody of Canada Border Services Agency. 
Notifying victims of the deportation status of offenders: OFOVC Annual Report 2011-2012.
Government Response

Recommendation on notifying victims of deportation status of offenders: That the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) be reviewed to determine what amendments are necessary to address and enhance the role and voice of victims
Notifying victims of the deportation status of offenders: OFOVC Annual Report 2008-2009.
Government Response

Victims are considered

Recommendations on authorizing escorted temporary absences (ETA) for an offender serving a life sentence.

Recommendations to ensure that releasing authorities provide a decision-making process that is transparent, inclusive and better meets the needs of victims of crime. Submission to the Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, on Bill C-483. December 3, 2014.

Correctional Services of Canada

Recommendations on Correctional Services of Canada Review: To provide victims of crime more information about offenders; To provide serious consideration of Aboriginal victims' voices; To provide greater care in sharing victim information with offenders to ensure utmost safety.
Correctional Service of Canada Review, OFOVC Annual Report 2007-2008

Consideration for victims in sentencing offenders

Remarks on victims in cases of Not Criminally Responsible:  On providing victims in Not Criminally Responsible cases rights that are equitable to those of victims whose offenders are moving through the criminal justice or corrections systems.
Remarks to the Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs on Bill C-14, March 26, 2014

Remarks on victims in cases of Not Criminally Responsible:  On providing victims in Not Criminally Responsible cases rights that are equitable to those of victims whose offenders are moving through the criminal justice or corrections systems.
Presentation to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights: Bill C-54, June 18, 2013

Remarks on improving the efficiency of large and complex trials: On support for increasing the efficiency of criminal procedure, result in a lessened emotional toll for victims who must endure the trial process.
Improving the efficiency of large and complex trials, OFOVC Annual report 2011-2012
Government Response

Remarks on considering age in sentencing: On support for inclusion of vulnerability due to age as an aggravating factor for sentencing. Submission to the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Bill C-36, December 6, 2012 (PDF Version, 120 KB).

Recommendations on ending sentence discounts for multiple murders: That victims be informed of the reasons that a judge has given for his or her decision as to whether to impose consecutive sentences.
Ending sentence discounts for multiple murders, OFOVC Annual Report 2010-2011.
Government Response

Consideration for victims in releases for offenders

Recommendations on contact with victims following the release of the offender: That the regulations be modified to include a condition that offenders have no direct or indirect contact with the victim and/or members of their family; That victims, should they wish to maintain contact with the offender, have the option to request to the PBC that the offender be relieved of the no-contact condition.
Contact with victims following the release of the offender, OFOVC Annual Report, 2012-2013.

Recommendations on considering victims’ concerns in advance of decisions to transfer or release offenders: that institutional parole officers contact Victim Service Units prior to preparing files for decisions about transfers, escorted temporary absences and work releases.
Considering Victims’ Concerns in Advance of Decisions to Transfer or Release Offenders, OFOVC Annual Report 2012-2013.

Remarks on Escorted Temporary Absence for offenders of serious crimes: On providing victims the same information, consideration and support in the process for granting Escorted Temporary Absences that they would receive at parole hearings.
Remarks to the Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security: Bill C-483, March 25, 2014

Remarks on parole hearings: On changes to the information victims receive and the role of victims in the parole process.
Remarks: Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs, Bill C-479, February 4, 2015

Remarks on parole hearings: On changes to the information victims receive and the role of victims in the parole process.
Remarks: House of Commons Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security, Bill C-479, February 13, 2014

Recommendations on eliminating the “faint-hope clause”:  That eliminating the clause would be more compassionate to victims. For current offenders who would remain eligible for faint-hope review, that victims be notified when the offender does not apply and that the period of eligibility to re-apply be extended to at least five years.
Elimination of the “faint-hope clause”, OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Government Response

Consideration for victims of minority groups

Considerations in the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Inquiry Design

Remarks on violence against indigenous women: On support for a national commission of inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women in Canada, the creation of a missing persons index and providing appropriate victim services.
Remarks: Special Committee on Violence Against Indigenous Women. January 30, 2014

Recommendations on victims of hate crimes: That the Government consider amending the Criminal Code to allow for community victim impact statements; That services available to victims of hate crimes and hate incidents be substantially enhanced and expanded, including making hate crime victims a priority for victim services. - Victims of Hate Crime, OFOVC Annual Report, 2009-2010
Government Response - Victims of Hate Crime

Consideration for victims of sexual offences Recommendations on the production of records: That the personal and therapeutic records of complainants of sexual offences not be disclosed to the defence. Where disclosure is necessary, recommends an approach that balances the rights of the complainant and the accused.
Production of Records in Sexual-Offence Proceedings, OFOVC Annual Report 2011-2012.

Recommendations on prostitution-related offences: That regulatory amendments provide equal and unbiased safety protection for all Canadians, including those who are involved in the sex trade industry; measures to protect those who are forced into the sex trade; and supports for the individuals who choose to exit the sex trade.
Submission on public consultation on prostitution-related offences in Canada

Recommendations on sexual violence and harassment in the military: That the total level of sexual violence in the Canadian Forces be determined, both reported and unreported, and that  a critical review be implemented of existing educational programs on what constitutes sexual assault and what supports are available.
Sexual Violence and Harassment in the Military, OFOVC Annual Report 2009-2010.
Government Response

Victims are protected

Financial crime

Remarks on measure to protect victims of white-collar crimes: On support for minimum sentences, the inclusion of aggravating factors in sentencing, discretionary prohibition orders, community impact statements and restitution in cases of financial crime.

Measures to protect victims of white-collar crimes, OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Government Response

Child Victims

Remarks on changes to address some issues related to sexual offences against children. On establishing a publicly available database on high-risk child sex offenders; sharing information between law enforcement officials; minimum and maximum sentences for sexual offences against children; mandatory consecutive sentences in cases involving multiple victims. Remarks to Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-26, February 16, 2015

Remarks on conditions related to the release of child sex offenders: Seven recommendations on the release of child sex offenders including non-communication orders and geographic restrictions.

Submission to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-489: Safe at Home  June 11, 2014

Remarks on non-consensual distribution of intimate images: Support for permitting a court to order the removal of intimate images from the Internet as well as empowering the court to make an order to prevent someone from distributing intimate images. To ensure that all victims, no matter their financial situation, be entitled to the same rights and opportunities to professional assistance and reimbursement of costs and that it be made clear how, and when, victims will be informed of their rights.
Remarks to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-13, Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act, May 29, 2014

Recommendations on protection for the children of individuals accused of serious offences:  On support for increased consideration and protection for the minor children of individuals accused of serious offences until the accused is tried in a court of law.
Protecting the children of accused serious offenders: OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Government Response

Recommendation on the Mandatory reporting of images of the sexual abuse of children: That law enforcement have the tools to investigate online child pornography, including the need for ISPs to be required by law to provide law enforcement agencies with client customer name and address information.
Mandatory reporting of images of the sexual abuse of children, OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Response from Government

Recommendation on parole for offenders convicted of child sexual exploitation : That child pornography and luring be recognized as offences that involve violence.
Accelerate parole for offenders convicted of child sexual exploitation, OFOVC Annual Report, 2008-2009.
Government Response

Recommendation for investigating internet-facilitated child exploitation: That Internet Service Providers provide the names and addresses of customers in investigations involving the abuse of children.
Internet-Facilitated Child Exploitation, OFOVC Annual Report, 2007-2008

Law Enforcement

Submission on prostitution-related offences laws: That proposed amendments to prostitution laws provide equal and unbiased safety protection for all Canadians, including those who are involved in the sex trade industry. That the Government of Canada provides measures to offer protection to those who are forced into the sex trade and supports for the individuals who choose to exist the sex trade.
The Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act: Submission to the Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs on Bill C-36, October 22, 2014

Remarks on keeping records of non-restricted firearms: On support for the collection and retention of records at the point of sale for non-restricted firearms.
Submission to the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs regarding Firearms Information Regulations (Non-Restricted Firearms), June 21, 2012
(PDF Version, 132 KB)

Remarks on ending the Long-gun Registry Act: On support for maintaining the long-gun registry.
Submission to the Standing Committee on Public Safety and National Security regarding on Bill C-19 (An Act to Amend the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act) November 28, 2011 (PDF Version, 172 KB)

Recommendation on National Sex Offender Registry: That frontline law enforcement personnel can access the National Sex Offender Registry on a timely and proactive basis, without having to wait for a formal determination whether the crime was sexually motivated. 
National Sex Offender Registry, OFOVC Annual Report, 2007/2008

Victims are supported

Restitution for Victims and the Victim surcharge

Remarks on holding offenders accountable for debts to victims: That additional sources of funds available to imprisoned offenders, such as GST rebates and EI benefits, be garnished
Holding Offenders Financially Accountable for Debts to Victims, OFOVC Annual Report, 2012-2013.

Remarks on holding offenders accountable to monetary debts owed: To garnish the wages and/or inmate accounts, federal government payments and monetary awards from Government made to offenders in order to satisfy offenders' unpaid spousal or child support, restitution, Federal Victim Surcharge, or civil judgments.
Submission to the Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs: Bill C-350, June 18, 2013 (PDF Version, 448 KB)

Remarks on proposed amendments to the Federal Victims Surcharge: On support for amendments to the victim surcharge provisions in the Criminal Code proposed in Bill C-37.
Remarks to Standing Senate Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs on Bill C-37, March 27, 2013 (PDF Version, 71.5 KB)

Remarks on proposed amendments to the Federal Victims Surcharge : On support for amendments to the victim surcharge provisions in the Criminal Code proposed in Bill C-37.
Remarks to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-37, October 30, 2012

Recommendations on the Federal Victims Surcharge: To double the Federal Victims Surcharge and remove the discretion for judges to waive the surcharge, rendering its imposition automatic in all cases.
Federal Victim Surcharge, OFOVC Annual Report, 2010-2011.
Government Response

Recommendations to make offenders more accountable for the harm done to victims: To remove the discretion of judges to waive the surcharge and make it automatic in all cases; That the first $100 of a federal inmate's pay go to satisfy his or her 
Making offenders accountable for harm done to victims, OFOVC Annual Report, 2008-2009
Government Response

Benefits for Victims

Systemic Reviews: Financial Assistance for Victims to Attend Parole Board of Canada Parole Hearings, PDF Version, 414 MB

Remarks on measures to ensure that offenders do not receive the benefits of their victims. – Recommendations on amending the Canada Pension Plan and the Old Age Security Act to ensure that offenders convicted of the murder of a spouse or parents are not able to collect the victim’s Canada Pension Plan or Old Age Security benefits. Remarks to the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology, C-591. April 2, 2015.

Recommendations on employment protection and leave for victims’ families: That the Canada Labour Code be amended to be more inclusive to victims of crime, to include provisions for employment leave for spouses and siblings, in addition to parents; that employment insurance be available to victims following criminal victimization; and that alternative income supports be available if victims of crime are not eligible for employment insurance
Employment Protections and Leave for Victims’ Families, OFOVC Annual Report, 2012-2013.

Recommendations for amending the Canada Labour Code: To amend the Canada Labour Code to be more inclusive to victims of crime, to include leave for spouses and siblings, and removing the age limit of 18 years of age; To create an Employment Insurance category for victims of crime so that they may be supported by the existing EI structure; To establish a Federal Income Support program is for victims who do not qualify for EI.
Remarks to the Committee on Human Resources, Skills and Social Development and the Status of Persons with Disabilities, Bill C-44, October 23, 2012

Recommendations on providing support to victims of crime: On allowing employees to take leave from work with benefits if a minor child suffers serious physical injury during the commission of a crime or as the direct result of a crime, or if there is the disappearance of a minor child or the suicide or murder of a spouse or child.
Providing Support to Victims of Crime, OFOVC Annual Report 2008-2009.
Government Response

Support for Victim Services

Recommendations on a proposal to establish a commission on mental health and justice: Study and better support the mental health needs of victims of crime and their families as well as those of accused found not criminally responsible. Submission to the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology. March 25, 2015.

Recommendation on Funding for Child Advocacy Centres: Set aside $5 million to develop a cooperative opportunity to study the impact of child advocacy centres in Canada with a longer-term goal of developing a national strategy to promote their growth across the country
Funding for Child Advocacy Centres, OFOVC Annual Report 2008-2009.
Government Response

Victims Bill of Rights Act

Remarks on the Victims Bill of Rights: Recommendations to strengthen the Bill by enhancing victims' rights throughout the criminal justice process, starting at time of crime, through the courts and through to post-conviction and conditional release. The recommendations aim to further strengthen the treatment of victims in terms of their rights to be informed, considered, protected and supported. Remarks to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights on Bill C-32, An Act to enact the Canadian Victims Bill of Rights and to amend certain Acts. November 4, 2014.

Further Response to Bill C-32, the Victims Bill of Rights Act : Recommendations that aim to further strengthen the treatment of victims in the Victims Bill of Rights; their right to be informed, considered, protected and supported, and to ensure these rights are respected. In doing so, there is the potential to increase victims’ confidence in the criminal justice system, while improving the system’s overall effectiveness.
Strengthening the Canadian Victims Bill of Rights, Further Response to Bill C-32, the Victims Bill of Rights Act, from the Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime, September 2014. (PDF version, 154 kb)

A Response from the Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime to Bill C-32, the Victims Bill of Rights Act: Analysis of Bill C-32 to sensitize and mobilize the Government and other key stakeholders about how the VBR may be amended to maximize its effectiveness for victims of crime in Canada.
Cornerstone for Change, A Response from the Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime to Bill C-32, the Victims Bill of Rights Act, May 2014. (PDF version, 194 kb)

Recommendations for the development of a Victims Bill of Rights : An overview of issues that the OFOVC would like to see addressed in a VBR and emphasizes the importance of ensuring that victims are informed, considered and protected. supported. Under each of the points above, the OFOVC has provided information and/or recommendations for victim rights in generally the chronological order of when a victim would access it. The information is therefore organized by three main periods: at the time of a crime; court; and post-conviction and conditional release.
Meeting the Needs of Victims, Submission to the Department of Justice Canada for the development of a Victims Bill of Rights, June 10, 2013. (PDF version, 367 kb)